Cardiac Diseases, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Heart, being the only organ of a human body is sole responsible for supplying blood to every nook and corner of the human body. This primary and poignant function has made this organ the most critical of all the bodily organs and therefore, it deserves a special and tender care. Being responsible in delivering blood to every body parts and organs of a human body, the root cause of almost every cardiac disease is when the blood flow through heart gets blocked.

Defining A Cardiac Disorder

The most common type of cardiac disease does usually take place when the human heart undergoes through a condition called atherosclerosis. Such a condition takes place when plaque, i.e. cholesterol which has been build up in the arteries narrow down the space through which the blood usually flow. Gradually, the narrowing of the space can lead to immense chest pain and immediate shortness of breath, a condition termed as angina. Or it can even cause a heart attack by blocking the vessel completely.

Symptoms of Cardiac Diseases

According to the cardiac experts, five symptoms generalizing cardiac diseases are the following :
pain in the jaw, neck or back
pain in the arms or shoulder
schest pain
light-headedness or weakness and
shortage of breath.

Causes of Cardiac Diseases

A number of factors play pivotal roles in cardiac disease risk. Some, though, include family history and the factor of age; others include certain factors which are controllable by an individual. The normal health advice given for maintaining and sustaining a good health does the requisite preventive health advice for cardiac diseases, as well. Quit smoking, exercise and eat a diet that is low in cholesterol and salt – cholesterol being the source of blockage and salt contributing to higher blood pressure. Other things that should also be avoided in the diet include saturated fats, which typically come from animal fats and oils, and trans fats, which occur in vegetable oil.

According to NIH, diabetes is a condition that can increase cardiac disease risk by 100%, as the highest levels of glucose in the blood that are characteristic of diabetes can leave fatty deposits in the blood vessels, which, like cholesterol plaques, can cause blockage of the heart.

Treatment For A Better Cardio

In addition to lifestyle changes, some treatments are available to help avoid cardiac diseases. Many of these medications are designed to lower LDL or “bad” cholesterol. Similarly, the FDA has approved of a number of drugs for improving HDL or “good” cholesterol levels. Perhaps, the best of those slow the “bad” cholesterol production by the liver and speed up the process of removing such cholesterol from the bloodstream. Another class of drugs remove bile acids from the body which are formed by LDL cholesterol, and in the due process, more LDL cholesterol will be broken down to replace them.

Surgical options can also treat cardiac diseases. Coronary angioplasty – implying a threaded balloon into the affected blood vessel, thus, inflating and pushing the plaque blocking the artery to the sides of the vessel, is one such prevalent and quite successful preventive measure warding-off the cardiac diseases. However, despite of all these, in India, cardiac disease is the leading cause of death in both of men and women counting to 2% out of the entire Indian population, at a daily basis.